Animal Genetics Boosted

Dolly, the first cloned sheep, born in 1996

The NZ Forest Owners Association and Federated Farmers have congratulated the Opportunities Party for its gene editing policy.

They say this recognises the significant economic and environmental benefits gene editing technology can provide.
Informed debate needed
The presidents of the respective organisations, Peter Weir and Katie Milne, say the time for an informed public debate is well overdue as genetic technologies have changed dramatically in recent years and their safety and value has been proven oversees.
TOP policy announced on Monday

The Opportunities Party (TOP) said on April 29 that 1080 drops could be a thing of the past if New Zealand followed Australia by harnessing gene editing solutions.

It said New Zealand’s outdated legislation for genetic modification is hindering New Zealand’s ability to effectively solve major environmental challenges such as predator control and kauri dieback.

Backing for Opportunities Party policy

Now Federated Farmers and the Forest Owners’ Association say the The Opportunities Party is quite right in highlighting the fact that modern genetic science is no longer about introducing the genetics of one species into another quite different species, the two presidents say.
“Gene editing is a sophisticated process of deliberately achieving with a high degree of certainty what nature and other methods of genetic manipulation achieve randomly,” Weir says.
Sterile Douglas firs
One particular opportunity is to develop sterile Douglas-fir as a way to prevent the spread of wilding trees.
Can save millions of dollars
The use of sterile trees has the potential to save farmers and the Crown millions of dollars, Milne says.
“The current CRISPR-Cas technology shows us ways to inhibit production of fertile seeds or pollen, without altering any other aspect of the tree. The tree will not be able to spread seeds into surrounding pasture-land. That solves the problem of wilding trees, which are considered New Zealand’s most expensive pest plant to control.
“The tree’s growth is instead diverted into producing timber.”
Weir says this ‘grown-up’ approach to tree science is standard practice in a number of other parts of the world, particularly in North and South America.
Help with greenhouse gas emissions
He says there is potential for use of gene technology in areas such as predator control, greenhouse gas emissions, more sustainable food production and perhaps even in tackling kauri dieback. These options deserve research and public debate.
“In New Zealand the mind-set that gene editing and genetic engineering are scientific no-go areas has been predominant in our political parties for years. It’s good that TOP has joined the National Party in challenging this mind-set,” Katie says.
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